1985-1994 of release
Repair and car operation
+ 1.1. Car identification
+ 2. Maintenance service
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Fuel system
+ 6. Coupling
+ 7. Transmissions
+ 8. A kardannyj shaft and the back bridge
+ 9. A steering
+ 10. Suspension brackets
+ 11. Brake system
+ 12. Wheels and tyres
- 13. A body
13.1. Care of a body
+ 13.2. A cowl
+ 13.3. Doors
+ 13.4. External elements of a body
+ 13.5. Salon elements
+ 13.6. Heating and ventilation system
+ 13.7. The conditioner
+ 14. An electric equipment
13.1. Care of a body
After a sink of a motor vehicle because of humidity efficiency of action of brakes decreases. It is recommended to dry brake disks short-term pressing brakes in a start of motion.
Purely washed up and dried up varnish covering is necessary for processing every 3 month preserving means to protect a surface of the car from atmospheric influences by creation беспористого a water-repellent wax layer.
The flowed out fuel, oil or greasing, and also brake liquid at once to remove, colour of a varnish covering differently will change.
Surface processing is necessary for repeating, if water does not gather in drops, and spreads on a surface. Regular processing by preserving means promotes long preservation of shine of a varnish covering.
There is also other possibility of protection of varnish coverings – by means of washing preservatives. However washing preservatives provide reliable protection of varnish coverings only in the event that are used at each sink of the car and is not more rare, than in 2–3 weeks.
After use washing (пенообразующих) means additional processing of a surface by preservatives especially is recommended.
Preservation cannot be made on the open sun.
Polishing of a varnish surface is necessary only in the event that it has faded owing to insufficient leaving, influence of the dust, harmful gases, weather conditions, and preserving means cannot restore its shine.
It is not necessary to apply rough polishing pastes and chemically active polishing means, despite originally good results.
Before polishing the car is necessary for washing up and carefully to dry up. Further to adhere to the instruction on use of polishing means.
Polishing to make small sites in order to avoid premature drying of polish. After surface processing by some polishing means it is necessary to make additional preservation. It is forbidden to polish on the open sun. Matte varnish surfaces cannot be processed preserving and polishing means.
Removal of stains of pitch
Pitch quickly диффундирует in varnish coverings and to remove it completely already it is impossible. Fresh stains of pitch can be removed moistened in промывочном gasoline a soft rag. In case of emergency it is possible to use usual gasoline, kerosene or turpentine. Pitch stains well leave by means of varnish preservatives. The car sink in this case is not required.
Removal of insects
Insects contain substances which can damage a varnish film if them quickly not to remove. Insects can be washed off only weak slightly warm soap or washing solution or by means of special means for removal of insects.
Removal of building solutions
Splashes of building materials are washed off by slightly warm solution of neutral washing-up liquids. Strongly not to rub, differently it is possible to scratch a varnish covering. Then carefully to rinse with pure water.
Plastic details, sitting from an imitation leather, a headlight, and also the details painted in matte black colour, it is possible to wash with water with addition of special washing-up liquids. It is not recommended to wet. Plastic details can be processed if necessary special cleaners. Not to use at all nitrosolvent or gasoline.
Sink of glasses
Glasses to wipe a pure soft rag with internal and lateral aspect. At strong pollution it is possible to use spirit or liquid ammonia and warm water, and also special means for clearing of glasses. At a sink of a windscreen screen wipers to lift upwards.
At use силиконосодержащих means for clearing of varnish coverings it is impossible to wipe them glasses. At dispersion силиконосодержащих glass aerosols it is necessary to close a cardboard or other materials.
Care of rubber consolidations
Condensing or sliding surfaces periodically to strew talc or to spray silicone an aerosol. It will keep their elasticity and will exclude a scratch at closing of doors. To eliminate unpleasant sounds it is possible, having wiped adjoining surfaces liquid soap.
DISKS OF WHEELS
Disks of wheels from easy metals demand leaving, especially in a cold season. For this purpose it is possible to use special means for clearing of disks. Not to apply active, кислотосодержащие, сильнощелочные and rough cleaners or water with temperature from above +60 ° With.
It is necessary to wash seat belts with not strong alkaline solution, without removing them. Not to subject to their dry cleaning which can cause destruction of fibres. Belts with automatic winding to braid in the dried up condition, if necessary to use special an aerosol for the best sliding. It is not recommended to dry belts at temperature from above 80 ° With and on the open sun.
Protection of the bottom and conservation of internal cavities
All surface of the bottom is covered by a special protective layer. All hollow cavities are covered by special mastic. With approach of colds and after a sink of the bottom the sheeting needs to be checked up and in addition to process protective wax. Around action of centrifugal forces of wheels the dust, clay and sand can settle. To delete accumulated slags including salt, it is extremely necessary, otherwise because of непросыхания the polluted sites there can be a corrosion, prevent which for long time a body sheeting not in a condition. For prevention of corrosion of a forward part of the car and приводных mechanisms and steering elements it is necessary to cover a motor compartment and details of brake system being in it with high-quality preserving wax (certainly, after engine washing).
Before a sink of the engine the generator and a tank with a brake liquid to close a polyethylene film. Though generator bearings are tight, however there is a danger выщелачивания them жирорастворяющими additives at processing. Noise in bearings or their failure can be a consequence of it. During car operation for short time there can be a smell from combustion of preserving wax on the details working with the big thermal loading. After wax drawing all hinges to wipe and grease with paste of MoS.
Care of an upholstery of seats
COVERINGS FROM THE FABRIC
Soft seats to clean a vacuum cleaner or a rigid brush. Strongly polluted sitting to clear dry foam. Fat and oil stains to process pure gasoline or a spot remover. The cleaner cannot be poured directly on a fabric. The stain is deduced by its wipe on a contour from stain edge to the centre. Other pollution can be removed, using slightly warm soap water.
At long parking right in the sun sitting and headrests it is necessary to cover from burning out. Rags from jersey and a wool slightly to wet and wipe leather surfaces so that not to wet a skin and seams. Then the dried up surface to wipe soft rags. Strong pollution can be removed by means of the refined washing-up liquids without lighters (2 table spoons on 1 l of water). Fat and oil stains leave easy dabs by means of pure gasoline. Washed up leather sitting it is necessary to process antistatic. Before the use to shake up and put a thin layer by means of soft rags. After drying to rub with a pure and soft fabric. It is recommended to make such processing each 6 months.